Beauty

Hyperpigmentation and how to treat hyperpigmentation

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Have you ever noticed darker spots on your skin that are darker than the rest of your body and give a dull and unappealing look? No one likes to have dark spots. It can appear at any part of your body like cheeks, around the nose, around lips, hands, arms, elbows, and armpits. The medical term for the dark spots is called hyperpigmentation.

 Hyperpigmentation can be due to numerous factors like harmful UV rays, hormonal imbalance, and pregnancy.

Hyperpigmentation is due to the production of excess melanin in your body. Generally, the body produces more melanin during pregnancy, and sun rays accelerate the production of melanin and that part of your body has a darker tone than the rest of your body. The acne-prone skin also leaves acne spots on our skin.

No one likes the pigmented skin, darker spots that make you unappealing and unattractive. Even people with beautiful faces feel insecure due to their acne spots and tanned skin.

Well, the question that strikes our mind is can hyperpigmentation be treated. Ofcourse, it can be treated.

So we will discuss both options for prevention and treatment of hyperpigmentation and you no longer have to feel insecure due to your acne spots.

How to prevent hyperpigmentation and dark spots?

Hyperpigmentation is a hormonal imbalance of the hormone melatonin, whose excess production leads to melasma and skin tanning.

1.  Avoid exposure to sunlight:

Melanin plays an important role in protecting our skin from external damage from harmful UV rays. The outer layer of skin has a pigment that absorbs the harmful sun rays d=form reaching our inner skin layers. The excess exposure to sunlight increases the production of the pigment called melanin.

 Sun rays have harmful UV rays that damage our outer skin and stimulate the melanocytes to release more melanin.

2. Avoid picking pimples:

The most damaging habit is to pop out the pimples as soon as they appear. Most people have a habit of picking their pimples with their fingers. You should immediately stop this as our hands have more bacteria, which can leave dark acne marks. As soon as you pop out the pimples on your skin, the inner material of the pimple spreads on the surrounding area, and more pimples appear on that area. It can make the area around your pimples darker than before. So in the case of getting rid of the pimple, you cause more damage to your skin.

How to treat hyperpigmentation:

According to dermatologists, there are certain acids and serum combinations that can help to treat acne spots and hyperpigmentation on your skin.

1. Vitamin C:

Vitamin C  does its magic on your skin by fading all the acne spots. It has good antioxidant properties and protects the skin from oxidative damage caused due to UV rays and free radicals. Vitamin C has ascorbic acid that works by blocking the excess production of melanin in our skin.

2. Niacinamide:

Niacinamide is a game-changer for fading acne marks on your skin. It stops the transfer of melanin to the skin cells from melanocytes and thus helps in improving the skin tone and fades blemishes on your skin. The serum s containing niacinamide can help remove all the acne spots and hyperpigmented areas.

3. Retinol:

Retinol is the most crucial skincare product that should be included in your skincare routine. This product is a whole package for fighting acne marks, reducing post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation.

Make sure that any of your skincare products should not contain more than 1% retinol as it can damage the outer layer of your skin. It is an exfoliating serum and excess exfoliation can make your skin more acne-prone.

4. Kojic acid:

It inhibits the production of melanin and acts as an antioxidant and protects the outer layer of skin from harmful sun rays.

Kojic acid is a skin brightening tool and works best when it is combined with niacinamide and ascorbic acid.

5. Azelaic Acid:

Azelaic acid is another active ingredient in the serum that has anti-inflammatory properties. It helps in fading darker spots of the skin by regulating the production of melanin. Those sensitive to other acids like tranexamic acid (skin brightening agent) and retinol can introduce this acid in their skincare routine. It is suitable for all skin types and doesn’t have any side effects.

6. Arbutin:

 Arbutin helps in fading the darker skin spots, melasma, age spots, and acne marks.IT performs its function by stopping the excess production of melanin. Applying it daily on the skin spots and acne marks and pigmented area improve the complexion of the skin. The dead skin layer is faded with help of alpha arbutin. Regular use of alpha-arbutin results in healthier skin free from dark spots.

7. Tea tree oil:

Tea tree oil has excellent antibacterial and antiseptic properties and it destroys the bacteria due to its bactericidal activities. It performs its action by healing the wound and affected area due to acne. Regular uses of this toner can help to fade out all your acne spots. Tea tree oil can irritate your skin and you may feel slight itching on your skin. The best way is to combine a few drops of tea tree oil with aloe vera gel.

Conclusion:

These are some of the best skin care agents for treating hyperpigmentation. If any of these skincare products suit you, have patience and use it for three to four months to have visible results. Don’t rush into any kind of hurry to treat your acne spots overnight. Don’t stress your mind looking for a magic ingredient, because that overnight skin fading ingredient does not exist.

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  1. Pingback: 9 Reasons Why Gelatin Is Amazing For Your Skin and Hair - Fajar Magazine

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