Gastric cancer is a devastating disease that often has no early symptoms, but it can be found after barium x-rays or MRI scans. For these reasons, it is possible to experience several years of illness before the realization that there is an issue. Luckily, early detection methods are being developed and there are more treatment options than ever before. But what you should know about the disease before you delve into those treatments.
What is Gastric Cancer?
Gastric cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the stomach. It is the most common type of cancer, accounting for about one-third of all cancer cases. Nearly half of all gastric cancers are diagnosed in people aged 75 or older. Gastric cancer is caused by the abnormal growth of cells in the stomach. The cells may grow in numbers and spread to other parts of the body (metastasis), or they may form tumors (cancerous tumors). There is no specific cause for gastric cancer, but it can link to several factors, including diet, lifestyle choices, and genetics. Most cases of gastric cancer can cause by the combination of smoking and a high-fat diet.
Mortality Rates for Combating Gastric Cancer
The mortality rates for combating gastric cancer vary greatly depending on the location of the cancer, the treatment received, and a person’s age. However, in general, the five-year survival rate for stomach cancer is about 85%.
The things you should consider…
One of the most important things you can do is to keep your overall health in check. This means eating a balanced diet, getting enough exercise, and avoiding tobacco smoke and alcohol. If you already have stomach cancer, taking regular measures to prevent other diseases may also help keep cancer from spreading.
Another important factor is your diet. Studies have shown that people who eat a lot of processed foods and sugary drinks are more likely to develop gastric cancer. Some experts believe that these types of diets may be responsible for up to half of all cases of this type of cancer. Instead, try to include plenty of fruits and vegetables in your diet, and avoid foods that contain high amounts of fat or sugar.
Finally, it’s important to know your risk factors for gastric cancer. Some factors that increase your risk include having a family history of this type of cancer, being over age 55 years old, being overweight or obese, having chronic lifestyle diseases such as diabetes or heart disease, and having a history
The Symptoms of Gastric Cancer
Symptoms of stomach cancer can be nonspecific and vary from person to person. Some common symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, constipation, clay-colored stools, and weight loss. If you notice any of these symptoms and they persist or worsen, see your doctor.
Gastroenterological Risk Factors
Gastric cancer is a type of cancer that attacks the stomach. It can occur anywhere in the stomach but is most common in the upper part of the stomach (the gastric cardia). The risk of developing gastric cancer increases with age and with heavy drinking. Other factors that increase your risk include being overweight or obese, having a family history of the disease, and smoking.
Causes of Gastric Cancer
There are many possible causes of gastric cancer, but the underlying cause is not always known. Some possible causes include:
–Hereditary factors: About one-third of cases of stomach cancer are hereditary. This means that you are likely to get the disease if your parents or siblings have it. Gastric cancer can cause by certain environmental factors, such as exposure to cigarette smoke or arsenic.
–Irregularities in the growth of cells in the stomach: Most cases of cancer are caused by changes (abnormalities) in cells in the stomach. These changes can occur due to lifestyle choices, such as eating a lot of food and drinking alcohol, or because of a genetic condition.
–Cancerous growths called adenocarcinoma Adenocarcinomas are the most common type of stomach cancer. Adenocarcinoma form when abnormal cells in the lining of the stomach (the mucosa) grow rapidly and uncontrollably.
How to Diagnose Gastric Cancer?
There are multiple methods for diagnosing stomach cancer
Doctors don’t typically perform routine screenings for stomach cancer. It’s not very common, so getting an extra test often is not valuable. The number of stomach cancer cases has declined over the past 60 years.
If you’re at increased risk for it though, talk to your doctor to see how best to get help for it. You may get ordered some of the same tests that may use if someone had symptoms and was looking for a diagnosis. Treatment for gastric cancer typically includes surgery to remove the tumor and chemotherapy or radiation therapy to destroy any remaining cells. Survival rates for children and young adults may treat for gastric cancer are good rates. But rates drop significantly after diagnosis for adults over 50.
To find out if you have stomach cancer, your physician starts by conducting a physical examination. They will also explore your medical history to assess any risk factors that exist. As part of the examination, they may evaluate you further with tests such as:
Learn about the blood tests you can use to look for signs of cancer
Upper endoscopy, also known as EGD, is a procedure that involves putting a thin, flexible tube with a camera down your throat and looking into your stomach.
Upper GI test. You will drink a chalky liquid with barium. The barium makes your stomach more visible on the X-ray.
CT scan. The powerful X-ray makes detailed images of the inside of your body.
Biopsy. During an endoscopy, your doctor takes a small piece of tissue from your stomach to look for signs of cancer cells.
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