Health & Fitness

Is it safe to use paracetamol in pregnancy?


What expert advice on using paracetamol as a painkiller? What proportion you should take? Is it safe to use paracetamol in pregnancy? What are the updates on recent exploration? You will find answer to all your questions regarding paracetamol in pregnancy.

Paracetamol in pregnancy

Yes, it’s safe to use paracetamol – as long as you don’t take it for much longer period. It is safe when you only take the minimum you would like to ease your pain.

Recent research reveals that studies on mice and rats (NOT humans) suggest women who take paracetamol while pregnant could lower the fertility of their female child.

Read: What are the leading causes of female infertility?

Other headlines (June 2017) suggest that taking paracetamol when pregnancy ‘makes boys less manly’ sounded intimidating. But a little study of mice again supported – and thus the ‘less manlike behaviors’ was only noted within the man- child of pregnant mice who got 3 times the recommended dosage for humans.

And a study suggested a link, in August 2016, between taking paracetamol from 18 weeks pregnancy and an increased chance of hyperactivity in children. Experts agreed that far further there is a requirement of research before any changes to the present guidelines is created.

It’s important to concentrate on that from these results you can not determine an immediate link between paracetamol use and any behavioural cases. But doctors recommend that pregnant women should take medicine in optimal quantity following the doctor’s guidance.  

MFM’s GP Dr Philippa Kaye says, “Paracetamol is safe in pregnancy and is generally used as a painkiller”. The expert suggests that when you’re pregnant, paracetamol is that the favored choice of medicine to treat mild to moderate pain and high temperatures.

So if all those pregnancy problems and pains are driving you wild, or if you’ve come down with a chilly or other minor disease, probably paracetamol must be your first anchorage of call. But the key’s to not over-use it.

What’s the recommended dosage of paracetamol?

The maximum general dosage is one or two tablets (500 mg or mg in total) taken every four to 6 hours, up to fourfold in 24 hours. Still, if you’re pregnant, experts say you ought to take the minimal amount required. Don’t try to excel up with another dose, just in case the pain returns.

It’s also worth bearing in mind that other medications may actually contain paracetamol also, so it is constantly easy to go over the bounds. If you’re doubtful it’s always best to consult a health care provider.

Be careful once you buy over the counter as paracetamol is generally combined with other medicines in over the counter products like cold and flu remedies. Thus the other factors might not be safe in pregnancy. So always ask your pharmacist that what you are buying is simply simple paracetamol and is paracetamol safe in pregnancy.

What’s worth noting?

While within the UK, paracetamol has taken into account as ideally safe. A Norwegian study of just about children pointed there might be a possible link between regular unborn use of the medicine (‘ long term’ being classified as quite a month during pregnancy) and issues with development like communication and behavior.

Another recent study conducted by the University of Edinburgh has shown that extensive – not occasional – use of paracetamol could invoke male reproductive diseases at birth or in early childhood due to low testosterone production.

The testing remains in its early stages and what causes the reduction in testosterone remains unknown. Professor Richard Sharpe, from the University of Edinburgh’s MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, whoco-led the study, said “It’s important to recollect that this study was conducted in rats, not humans. Still, there are numerous resemblances between the 2 reproductive systems.”

Dr Martin Ward-Platt from the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health adds “The findings of this study dispatch prominent message – expectant mothers should not extend paracetamol use during pregnancy, only taking it when necessary,”

There have also been studies linking childhood asthma to taking paracetamol in pregnancy, but the NHS is keen to illustrate that there is no proven validation that paracetamol isn’t safe in the recommended doses.

What are the concerns of using paracetamol?

Worldwide, over 50 of pregnant women use paracetamol to treat pain and/ or fever. Paracetamol is that the active factor in numerous prescription and non-prescription products. It has been generally regarded for several times as safe to use during pregnancy.

Some, but not all, experimental studies in humans suggest paracetamol use during gestation may alter fetal development. The new statement notes that paracetamol has been linked to increased threat of certain neurodevelopmental, reproductive and urogenital diseases.

But these studies have limitations. Experimenters have constituted it hard to distinguish the consequences of paracetamol from the consequences of upholding illness. And there are possible inaccuracies in recording the amount and timing of paracetamol use across a whole gestation as are featured within the accompanying tract.

Possible pitfalls of paracetamol use in pregnancy are supported by variety of beast studies, the experts say. For this reason, caution regarding paracetamol use has been advised until a definitive link frequently proves or disproves.

What are the preferences?

The optimal supervision of pain or fever during gestation has not well studied and treatment options remain limited. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (similar as ibuprofen) may link directly or indirectly to miscarriage if use in the primary trimester. Its use after 30 weeks’ pregnancy can negatively impact kidney and heart/ lung function in the fetus. For this reason non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines should best avoid unless advised by a healthcare professional. The same goes for strong pain pharmaceuticals like opioids, which reserve for the regulation of severe pain. Paracetamol remains the simplest choice for the short- term treatment of pain and/ or fever during gestation.

It’s also important to know the reason behind the pain or fever, particularly during pregnancy. Study about paracetamol use can bring about more exploration, recommendations for non-medication treatments or the necessity for varied medications.


The new agreement statement does not alter subsisting recommendations regarding paracetamol use during pregnancy. But it does point the significance of thinking exactly before using any medications during gestation and raises higher observance about how challenging making informed conclusions about drug use are often. There is a need of more proof to support decision making during gestation and reduce inessential anxiety and concern.

You must talk over paracetamol use during pregnancy with a health care professional and used at each-time low effective cure for the shortest possible duration. Ahead or likewise to paracetamol, you can use non-medication curatives for treating pain or fever. When needed, short- term use of it remains the safest medication to reduce pain and/ or fever during pregnancy.

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